All those whom God hath predestinated unto life, and those only, He is pleased in His appointed and
accepted time effectually to call, by His Word and Spirit, out of that state of sin and death, in which
they are by nature, to grace and salvation by Jesus Christ; enlightening their minds spiritually and
savingly to understand the things of God, taking away their heart of stone, and giving unto them a heart
of flesh; renewing their wills, and, by His almighty power determining them to that which is good, and
effectually drawing them to Jesus Christ: yet so, as they come most freely, being made willing by His
This effectual call is of God’s free and special grace alone, not from anything at all foreseen in man,
who is altogether passive therein, until being quickened and renewed by the Holy Spirit, he is thereby
enabled to answer this call, and to embrace the grace offered and conveyed in it.
Elect infants, dying in infancy, are regenerated, and saved by Christ through the Spirit, who worketh
when, and where, and how He pleaseth: so also, are all other elect persons who are uncapable of being
outwardly called by the ministry of the Word.
Others, not elected, although they may be called by the ministry of the Word, and may have some common
operations of the Spirit, yet they never truly come unto Christ, and therefore cannot be saved: much less
can men, not professing the Christian religion, be saved in any other way whatsoever, be they never so
diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature, and the law of that religion they do
profess. And to assert and maintain that they may, is very pernicious, and to be detested.